Don’t overload your color palette. Too many colors or colors of the wrong shades when combined together can create a disastrous look. When following a triad color scheme, stick to the 60-30-10 rule.
When choosing a color palette, it is important to consider not only how well they will work when combined, but also the effect they will have. Simultaneous contrast is the effect referring to how the colors interact with one another and change the viewer’s perception. When red and blue are used together, the blue will appear green and the red will appear orange. The human sensation is most intense when two extremes are placed next to each other. To create intense emotion using simultaneous contrast, the result will be more intense when the color scheme used is the complementary color scheme, like the traditional holiday colors of red and green, for example.
When creating a color palette, never choose a combination of more than three colors as they tend to make the interior look too busy. When using a triad color scheme, break the colors into the 60-30-10 rule for a cohesive look. 60% dominant color, 30% sub-dominant color, and 10% accent color. Accent colors create contrast due to variation of hue, intensity, or saturation.
Complementary colors are pairs of colors that, when combined in the right proportions, will produce white or black. They lie opposite each other on the color wheel, and when placed next to each other, these colors create the strongest contrast and reinforce one other. When using subtractive colors, the complementary color pairs are red and green, yellow and violet, and blue and orange. When using additive colors, the complementary color pairs are red and cyan, green and magenta, and blue and yellow. In interior design, when creating a complementary color palette, look beyond the primary colors and use a color scheme with natural shades like sage green, dark olive, and mustard yellow for a sophisticated vibe.
Monochromatic colors are all the colors of tints, tones, and shades of a single hue. Monochromatic color schemes are derived from a single base hue, extended using the hue’s shades, tones, and tints – modified by the addition of black, gray, and white. Interiors using a monochromatic color scheme create a subtle and peaceful energy due to lack of contrast of hue.
Color schemes are the choice of colors used in design. The most basic and default color scheme is the use of a white background with black accents. Color schemes create style and appeal, as well as an aesthetic feeling when the colors used accompany each other well. A basic color scheme uses two colors that look appealing together. Other color schemes combine several colors, usually based around a single color, like red, yellow, and orange, or different shades of a single color.