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Color can make or break an interior, so it is important to choose the right color palette. Choosing the right colors are believed to enhance feelings of health and well-being. Furthermore, the right colors can modify the perceived temperature of a room, making the space feel warmer or cooler. Colors can also transform perceived space to make it feel larger, or more intimate. They can illuminate dark areas, create mystery and romance in dull areas, and energize static areas.

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The color wheel is the easiest way to visualize how hues relate to each other. Traditionally, the primary colors – red, blue, and yellow – are the colors from which all other colors can be mixed. Consulting the color wheel is helpful in distinguishing the relationships of colors and the way they harmonize with each other. However, the color wheel only generally shows pure hues of colors and interior design and decoration are also likely to use tints (lighter values) and shades (darker values).

Color schemes are the choice of colors used in design. The most basic and default color scheme is the use of a white background with black accents. Color schemes create style and appeal, as well as an aesthetic feeling when the colors used accompany each other well. A basic color scheme uses two colors that look appealing together. Other color schemes combine several colors, usually based around a single color, like red, yellow, and orange, or different shades of a single color.

To achieve balance in a color scheme, a strong color is paired with another strong color, in terms of both value and intensity. Lower intensity colors create a calm, restrained mood that’s subtle and serene, while higher intensity colors create a more energetic vibe. Intensities of paired colors should be equal, or nearly equal. Light and medium values work well together. To liven up a light-value schemed room, include an accent of darker value. A room with a light blue and light yellow color scheme with a touch of navy blue gives depth. Adding the complement of a pure hue will make it softer and less intense, thus achieving balance.

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In planning a color scheme for a room or the whole house, there are many important points to consider as the color choices of the occupants of the home can be a basis of direction. The three most important points to consider when coming up with a color palette are your personal preferences, your lifestyle (how you intend to use the space), and the room’s physical structure (lighting and architectural details). Five other points to consider are:

-The location of the room
-The number of windows and the direction they face
-Exterior landscaping that will have an affect on the colors of the interior
-Who will use the room and the purpose of the room – private or communal space
-The feel you want to achieve – sociable and active space or a peaceful space

When choosing a color palette, it is important to consider not only how well they will work when combined, but also the effect they will have. Simultaneous contrast is the effect referring to how the colors interact with one another and change the viewer’s perception. When red and blue are used together, the blue will appear green and the red will appear orange. The human sensation is most intense when two extremes are placed next to each other. To create intense emotion using simultaneous contrast, the result will be more intense when the color scheme used is the complementary color scheme, like the traditional holiday colors of red and green, for example.

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Be careful with overloading your color palette. Too many colors or colors of the wrong shades when combined together can create a disastrous look. When creating a color palette, it is recommended to choose a combination of about three colors as more than that tends to make the interior look too busy. When using a triad color scheme, break the colors into the 60-30-10 rule for a cohesive look. 60% dominant color, 30% sub-dominant color, and 10% accent color. Accent colors create contrast due to variation of hue, intensity, or saturation. When following a triad color scheme, stick to the 60-30-10 rule.

Make sure the color intensities of the combined colors in your palette are similar so that they do not look disconnected. In an interior with an analogous color scheme, shades of similar intensities will achieve a calming effect. Colors from the shades of beige, cream, and brown are ideal for a relaxing and comfortable bedroom. A monochromatic palette is one of the easiest ways to choose a color scheme. Just choose one color you like and go one value up and down from the said color in the spectrum. To avoid monotony, texture should be used.

Finally, it is always important to take lighting into consideration as it can affect your color choices. Test how different colors will look in the room during different times of the day.

Design a Great Day!